Skip to main content

Natural Resource Nationalism and Fiscal Revenues

One of the relevant points made by Amico and Fiorito for the case of Argentina, that apply to many countries in the region, is the increase in fiscal revenue that was associated to the higher national participation in the gains from exports of primary goods. This has been, in part, associated to the left of center governments and the so-called Natural Resource Nationalism. The table below shows the evidence.

It can be seen that, with the exception of Mexico and Venezuela, where State revenue from oil was already high, in all other countries there was a significant increase in State revenues. Governments have appropriated primary export earnings and turned them into fiscal resources by taking a share of operating earnings, either through public enterprises (which included nationalization in some cases) or through equity holdings, more stringent requirements on the payments of royalties, and by levying taxes on export earnings.

Read more on the fiscal situation in Latin America in ECLAC's report here. For more on Natural Resource Nationalism read the following paper by Carlos Medeiros (h/t Revista Circus).

Comments

  1. does natural resource nationalism embody the principles of neostructuralism per Sunkel?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Development from within? Don't know. You'd have to ask him.

      Delete

Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

A few brief comments on Brexit and the postmortem of the European Union

Another end of the world is possible
There will be a lot of postmortems for the European Union (EU) after Brexit. Many will suggest that this was a victory against the neoliberal policies of the European Union. See, for example, the first three paragraphs of Paul Mason's column here. And it is true, large contingents of working class people, that have suffered with 'free-market' economics, voted for leaving the union. The union, rightly or wrongly, has been seen as undemocratic and responsible for the economics woes of Europe.

The problem is that while it is true that the EU leaders have been part of the problem and have pursued the neoliberal policies within the framework of the union, sometimes with treaties like the Fiscal Compact, it is far from clear that Brexit and the possible demise of the union, if the fever spreads to France, Germany and other countries with their populations demanding their own referenda, will lead to the abandonment of neoliberal policies. Aust…

What is the 'Classical Dichotomy'?

A brief note on Venezuela and the turn to the right in Latin America

So besides the coup in Brazil (which was all but confirmed by the last revelations, if you had any doubts), and the electoral victory of Macri in Argentina, the crisis in Venezuela is reaching a critical level, and it would not be surprising if the Maduro administration is recalled, even though right now the referendum is not scheduled yet.

The economy in Venezuela has collapsed (GDP has fallen by about 14% or so in the last two years), inflation has accelerated (to three digit levels; 450% or so according to the IMF), there are shortages of essential goods, recurrent energy blackouts, and all of these aggravated by persistent violence. Contrary to what the press suggests, these events are not new or specific to left of center governments. Similar events occurred in the late 1980s, in the infamous Caracazo, when the fall in oil prices caused an external crisis, inflation, and food shortages, which eventually, after the announcement of a neoliberal economic package that included the i…