A New Medievalism?
One is left with some questions: what exactly is driving the perceived cultural integration ensuing the proliferation of supranational cleavages? does it have to do with identity politics? if so, why are identity politics suddenly now pertinent? Could it be that the overarching neoliberal perspective, which essentially governs the current functioning of the capitalist world-system, is intricately altering the political domain in a dialectical sense of motion and contradiction? Substantive explanatory answers to such questions will only develop if one is aware of the need to “exercise aggressive [...] critique not only against the conscious defenders of the status quo but also against [those that embrace, and practice,] distracting, conformist [...] tendencies (Horkheimer  2007, p. 355). Social thought and enquiry are, after all, meant to untangle social consciousness “in waking from its dream about itself, in explaining to it the [actual] meaning of its [prescribed social] actions” (Marx 1978, p. 13).